Brazilian Ethanol: Almost 40 Years Old — And Yet a Lot to Learn

A critique of the Brazilian ethanol industry making the case that lack of long term planning by the national government has led to uneven growth and missed opportunities and affecting value chains from sugarcane farmers through ethanol producers to the automotive industry, with Brazilian consumers ultimately paying the price.

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Patricia Guardabassi

Invited Contributor: Patricia Guardabassi authored this piece exclusively for The Review. She is a Giorgio Ruffolo post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. She is a chemical engineer (class of 2001) and holds a master’s degree in Energy (University of São Paulo, 2006).

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Why Argentina’s Renewable Energy Program Has Stalled: Electricity

Part II: Renewable Electricity Doesn’t Even Generate Inertia

This is the second of a three part series entitled, Why Argentina’s Renewable Energy Program Has Stalled. This article outlines Argentina’s initial push to develop a strong renewable energy sector. However, the numerous investment projects that were approved by the government at very attractive returns for investors have not taken place because of the perceived risk of investing in the country under the current government administration, the high levels of subsidies on electricity pricing, and a lack of consistency in policymaking.

Carlos St James
Carlos St. James

About the Author: Carlos St. James founded the Argentine Renewable Energies Chamber; is a board member of the Latin American & Caribbean Council on Renewable Energy; founded and is chairman of the Middle East-Americas Energy Council; and publisher of The Latin American Energy Review.

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Natural Gas Policy in Puerto Rico

A brief summary of Puerto Rico’s energy sourcing past, coupled with an outline of how recent island administrations have come to the conclusion that liquid natural gas (LNG) – provided primarily from the United States – is likely to provide the most cost-effective solutions providing for continued economic growth for the Commonwealth.

Fernando Pena
Fernando Peña

Invited Contributors: Fernando Peña and Colleen Newman co-authored this piece exclusively for The Review. Fernando serves as an attorney for the Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and its predecessor agency in the U.S. Treasury. Colleen served as the energy advisor to Puerto Rico Governor Luis Fortuño in his Washington office.

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Mexico’s Energy Model

Summary: Analyzing the Mexican energy sector without looking at our country’s modern history might lead to erroneous conclusions regarding the bases on which it is designed.

Jordy Herrera Flores
Jordy Herrera

Invited Contributor: Jordy Herrera Flores authored this piece exclusively for The Review.  Jordy was Secretary of Energy of Mexico under President Calderon, and one of the intellectual authors of the energy reforms now taking place.

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The Outlook for Renewable Energy in Latin America: A Banker’s View

Taking the long view, this article makes the case that the renewable energy industry is one third of the way into a century long success story. Latin America has all the requisite stakeholders in place: financial institutions, technology providers, and certainly an abundance of natural resources. Ultimate success depends on global priorities: the winning energy sources will be the ones that meet humanity’s goals best. If the goal is lowest-cost energy, then fossil fuels will win – until it runs out. If the goal is low cost and least pollution, then natural gas and renewables will win. If the goal is least impact on global warming, then nuclear power and renewable energy will win.

Michael Eckhart
Mike Eckhart

Invited Contributor: Michael Eckhart authored this piece exclusively for The Review. He is Managing Director and Global Head of Environmental Finance and Sustainability for Citigroup in New York City.

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The Energy Industry in Bolivia

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Oscar Caballero

Invited Contributor: Oscar Caballero authored this piece exclusively for The Review. As Country Managing Partner at E&Y he represented companies such as ExxonMobil and Carana Corporation in Bolivia, and has been advisor to multilateral institutions such as the IADB; CAF; and the IFC. Continue reading “The Energy Industry in Bolivia”

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Bankability Aspects of Renewable Projects in Latin America

Increasing economic growth in Latin American countries, growing environmental awareness, initiatives by agencies such as the Inter-American Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, and reducing cost of renewable technologies have provided many regional governments the impetus to implementing diverse policies to attract new investment in the renewable energy sector.

Jaya Viswanadha
Jaya Viswanadha

Invited Contributor: Jaya Viswanadha authored this piece exclusively for The Review. She is a Managing Director in the Latin American Energy & Infrastructure Group at Crédit Agricole CIB in New York. She has over thirteen year’s experience in the project finance industry in Latin America, Europe and India.

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Why Argentina’s Renewable Energy Program Has Stalled: Biofuels

PART I: Biodiesel’s Success Story Getting Watered Down

This is the first of a three part series entitled, Why Argentina’s Renewable Energy Program Has Stalled. This article outlines Argentina’s initial success in first generation biodiesel, first as exporter to Europe then with an increasing domestic mandate market. However, success seems to have been short-lived as political decisions have adversely affected the industry’s further development, leading to declining exports and an erratic domestic market.

Carlos St James
Carlos St James

About the Author: Carlos St. James founded the Argentine Renewable Energies Chamber; is a board member of the Latin American & Caribbean Council on Renewable Energy; founded and is chairman of the Middle East-Americas Energy Council; and publisher of The Latin American Energy Review.

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